Evidence-Based Interventions for Aggressive Behaviors in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Keywords:evidence-based interventions (EBI), autism spectrum disorders (ASD), academic and behavioral skills.
AbstractGenerally speaking, evidence-based interventions (EBI) are practices that have been proven to be effective in improving academic and behavior outcomes for all students. Initially, the focus on EBI was more prevalent in areas like medicine and clinical psychology and was extended to the field of education psychology in the ‘90s. In the United States, schools are required by two federal laws, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), to use academic and behavioral evidence-based practices to address the needs of the entire student population. Since 2008, there has been a significant increase in the research addressing the particular needs of students with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A growing number of practices has been deemed to hold a solid empirical substantiation, while others are considered only potentially effective (Smith & Iadarola, 2015). In the United States, The National Professional Development Center (NPDC) on Autism Spectrum Disorder has outlined a list of 27 evidence-based practices for students with ASD.
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