SCHOOL-FAMILY PARTNERSHIP IN THE PREVENTION OF ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOUR IN ADOLESCENTS
Keywords:school, family, substance use, risk factors, protective factors, intervention.
AbstractContemporary society has come to appreciate the beneficial effects of parents’ active participation in school life. Numerous studies have highlighted the decisive influence of a qualitative relationship between parents and children, parents/family and school upon children’s education (Irimescu 2010). In Romania, the National Education Law no. 1/2011 mentions that parents are considered principal partners and beneficiaries of the educational process. This study is based on the analysis of over 60 interviews conducted with form teachers within high schools of Iași. The topics concerned the following aspects: substance use; frequency of use; age of onset; substance use locations, in association with socio¬demographic characteristics (gender and age, educational background, place of residence, and marital status); influence of risk and protection factors (drug accessibility and availability, family use and parents’ attitude towards children’s use, parental authority and involvement in children’s education, influence of the entourage, relationship with school/ peers, involvement in curricular and extracurricular leisure activities, drug knowledge, perceived consequences of drug use, and opinions on drug use). This study focuses on both the difficulties that teachers encounter in their relationship with the family of a student who uses substances and their ambivalence when intervention is required. We have noticed an externalization of substance use issue in school; furthermore, teachers tacitly accept substance use behaviours.
Abraham, D. (ed.), Abraham, A., Dalu, A.M., Fierbinteanu, C., Marcovici, O., Mitulescu, S., Plaeşu, A., Sufaru, I. (2013). Situaţia adolescenţilor din România.
ANA (2013). Raport naţional privind situaţia drogurilor. Noi evoluţii, tendinţe şi informaţii detaliate cu privire la temele de interes european.
ANA (2014). Raport naţional privind situaţia drogurilor. România Noi evoluţii şi tendinţe. http://www.ana.gov.ro/rapoarte%20nationale/RO_RN_2014.pdf
Bernard, B. (1991). Fostering resiliency in kids: Protective factors in the family, school, and community. Western Center for Drug Free Schools and Communities/Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. (Oregon: NWRE,
Blas, E. and Kurup, A.S. (2010). Equity, Social determinants and public health programmes. Geneva: World Health Organization.
EMCDDA (2012). The 2011 ESPAD Report – Substance Use Among Students in 36 European countries, Luxemburg, EU Office for Publications, 2012.
EMCDDA. (2012). The state of the Drugs Problem in Europe.
EMCDDA. (2014). European Drug Report. Trends and Developments.
Hawkins, J.D., Catalano R.F. and Miller, J.Y. (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescence and early adulthood: implications for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin, 112(1), 64-105.
Ionescu, I, Spitz, E, Bucki, B, Chau, N, Baumann, M. (2014). Physical And Mental Health, Substance Abuse And Preventive Behaviour: Disparities Between Central/ Eastern Versus Western European First-Year University Students In Social Sciences (Health Behaviour Patterns Of Students). Scientific Annals of ”Alexandru I. Cuza” University Iași, new series, Sociology and Social Work, 7(1).
Irimescu, G., (2010). Parentality. Parentification. Parenting. Parent. The 4 p in relation to the emotional development of children. Scientific Annals of ”Alexandru I. Cuza” University Iași, new series, Sociology and Social Work, 3(1).
Mionel, V. (2011). Prospecţii teoretice asupra efectelor negative ale procesului desegregare urbană. Revista Transilvană de Ştiinţe Administrative, 1(28), 100-120.
National Education Law, 2011, http://www.edu.ro/index.php/legaldocs/14847
Olaio, A. (2001). Theoretical Models and drug use prevention. In Mendes, F., Relvas, A., P., Olaio, A., Rovira, M., Broyer, G., Pietralunga, S., Borhn, K. and Recio, J.L. (eds.), Family: the challenge of prevention of drug use, IREFREA, Palma de Mallorca.