• Daniela Costăchescu PhD. Sociology, research assistant Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Carol I Boulevard, Phone: 0745 528884, Project: Romanian Migrants Ageing and the Welfare State (RAMWELL) - RSRP / 2013 Romanian-Swiss Cooperation Programme


ageing population, active ageing, elderly people, social services, social protection


In recent decades, demographic ageing has become a sensitive issue with an impact on various fields of activity and on future generations, marked by an alarming increase of elderly population and declining birth rate. The National System of Social Assistence represents a complex system of measures of monitorization and control of main risks that the citizens are exposed to respectively old age, illness, unemployment, injury and poverty. Through the guaranteed intervention of the state the framework for respecting human rights is insured, the means and measures of social protection, manifesting solidarity with the elderly people in need. As a member of the European Union, Romania is commited to promote and to implement political strategies for active ageing, insuring measures for maintaining optimal health conditions for citizens, social security, assitance and social protection. The purpose of the article consists in teoretical analyssis of the national system for assistance and social protection destined for the elderly in Romania, which plays a fundamental role in implementing and updating policies for active ageing, as well as to stimulate population growth


* Convention no. 102/ 1952, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) on minimum standards of social security Published in the Official Gazette, Part I no. 325 of 15.05.2009

* Social Assistance Law no. 292/2011, art. 92, para. 1 and 2, published in the Official Gazette, Part I no. 905 of 20.12.2011

* Law 263/2010 (updated 2015), published in the Official Gazette no. 444 of June 22, 2015.

* Law no. 17/ 2000 on social assistance for the elderly, republished in 2007 in the Official Gazette, Part I no. 157 of 06.03.2007

* Government Decision no. 886 of 5 October 2000 for approval of the National Grid needs assessment of older people, published in the Official Gazette no. 507 of 16 October 2000

* Case Nr. 566 / 07.15.2015 approving the National Strategy to promote active aging and protection of the elderly for the period 2015-2020 and the Strategic Action Plan for the period 2015-2020

* Order no. 467/2009 establishing average monthly maintenance cost in the residential centers for people with disabilities and the level of contributions payable by monthly maintenance disabled adults assisted in centers or their supporters

* Order no. 2126 / 05.11.2014 regarding the approval of the minimum quality standards for the accreditation of social services for the elderly, the homeless, young people who have left the child protection system and other categories of adults in need, and for services provided in the community, services provided under the integrated social and Cantonese, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, Part I, no. 874 / 12.02.2014

* National Immigration Strategy for the period 2015-2018 published by the government in September 2015

Bodogai, S., I. (2009). Protecţia socială a persoanelor vârstnice, Editura Universităţii din Oradea, Oradea, ISBN 978-973-759-779-3

Caradec, V. (2001). Sociologie de la vieillesse et du viellissement, Nathan, Paris

Gheţău, V. (2007). Declinul demografic şi viitorul populaţiei româniei. O perspectivã din anul 2007 asupra populației României în secolul 21, Editura Alpha MDN, Buzău

Gîrleanu-Şoitu, D. (2006). Vârsta a treia, Institutul European

Marshall, T H. (1950). Citizenship and Social Class: And Other Essays. Cambridge [Eng.: University Press, 1950]. Print, available by, accessed on 04.10.2015

Sandu, D. (1984). Fluxurile de migraţie în România, Editura Academiei

Britannica Online Encyclopedia - Welfare state, The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, available by, accessed on 04.10.2015

Bolzman, C., Kaeser, L.,“Active ageing and immigant elders: a possible relation? Exploring the case of Switerzland”, in Machado, Fernando Luís (org.), Revista Migrações-Número Temático Imigração e Envelhecimento Ativo, Abril 2012, n.º 10, Lisboa: ACIDI, 29-44

Heise A., Lierse H. (2011). Budget Consolidation and the European Social Model. The Effects of European Austerity Programmes on Social Security Systems, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Berlin, March, 1-42, available by, accessed on 25.07.2015

Roș, N. (2012). Protecţia socială acordată persoanelor vârstnice în România, Revista de Administrație Publică și Politici Sociale, Ed. Fiat Iustitia, 2012, vol. 6, issue 2, pages 76-99, available by 3a2_3ap_3a76-99.htm, accesed on 28.10.2015

Zrinščak S., Lawrence S. (2014) Active ageing and demographic change: challenges for social work and social policy, European Journal of Social Work, 17:3,

-321, available by ageing_and_demographic_change_Challenges_for_social_work_and_social_policy, accessed on 28.10.2015

Walker, A. (2006). Active ageing in employment: Its meaning and potential. Asia Pacific Review, 13(1), 78-93, available by, accessed on 28.09.2015

Incluziunea socială a persoanelor în vârstă. (2013). Consiliul Național pentru persoanele în vârstă, available by a_persoanelor_varstnice_2013.pdf, accessed on 28.07.2015

Proiectarea populaţiei vârstnice a României la orizontul anului 2060. (2014). Consiliul Național pentru persoanele în vârstă, available by, accessed on 28.07.2015

Demographics Statistics offered by National Institute of Statistics, available by la, accessed on 04.10.2015, 12:55

Data on the monthly pension, offered by Ministry of Labour, Family and Social Protection for the Elderly available by, accessed on 18.09.2015, accessed on 22.08.2014, 21:20

Princess Margarita of Romania Foundation, available by page=aproape, accessed on 04.04.2015

Network SenioriNET, Opinion Barometer on cooperation between NGOs providers home care services and public authorities (26 february 2014), available by, accesat la data de 06.04.2014, accessed on 06.04.2014, accessed on 04.04.2015

Additional Files