• Lucian MARINA PhD associate professor, Department of Social and Education Sciences, University „1 Decembrie 1918” Alba Iulia, România. Tel.:0400723152299
  • Liliana IONAS assistent, Department of Social and Education Sciences, University „1 Decembrie 1918” Alba Iulia


active ageing, successful ageing, healthy ageing, successful ageing determinants, social participation in later life, wellbeing, socioeconomic status, life expectancy


Generally, researches that counted the concept of active ageing remarked weak correlations between active ageing and classical statistic variables, like income, gender, and education. There is a certain structural inconsistency between the active ageing and life expectancy concept, as demographic researches argue the thesis of correlation between classical variables and life expectancy. Some scholars used the concept of successful ageing in order to explain the positive evolution of people in later life. Successful ageing correlates much better to the longevity and life expectancy. We aim to reveal that differences between the two explicative models of the positive evolving in later life are due to “poorer” conceptualisation of the active ageing. On the other side, the concept of active ageing preserves its connotations for recent research, that stress rich concepts, like social participation and wellbeing, which explain very well positive evolutions during later life.


Adams, K. B., Leibbrandt, S. & Moon, H. 2011. A critical review of the literature on social and leisure activity and wellbeing in later life. Ageing & Society, 31, 683-712.

Ayalon, L. 2008. Volunteering as a predictor of all-cause mortality: what aspects of volunteering really matter? International Psychogeriatrics, 5, 1000-1013.

Blaikie, N. 2010. Modele ale cercetarii sociale, CA Publishing, Cluj-Napoca.

Bourdelais, P. 1993. L’age de la vieillesse: Histoire du vieillissement, Odile Jacob, Paris.

Cheung, F., Wu, A.M.S. 2011. An investigation of predictors of successful aging in the workplace among Hong Kong Chinese older workers. International Psychogeriatrics, 1-16.

Chung, S. & S.-J. Park, 2008. Successful ageing among low-income older people in South Korea. Ageing & Society, 28, 1061-1074.

Cloos, P., C. F. Allen, B. Alvarado, M. V. Zunzunegui, D. T. Simeon, & D. Eldemire-Shearer. 2010. „Active ageing”: a qualitative study in six Caribbean countries. Ageing & Society, 30, 79-101.

Coupland, J. 2009. Discourse, identity and change in mid-to-late life: interdisciplinary perspectives on language and aging. Ageing & Society, 29, 849-861.

van Groenou, M. J. & D. J. H. Deeg. 2010. Formal and informal social participation of the „young-old” in The Netherlands in 1992 and 2002. Ageing & Society, 30, 445-465.

Hank, K. 2011. Societal determinants of productive aging: a multilevel analysis across 11 European countries. European Sociological Review, 27 (4), 526-541.

Hung, L.- W., G.I.J. M Kempen & N.K. de Vries. 2010. Cross-cultural comparison between academic and lay views of healthy ageing: a literature review. Ageing & Society, 30, 1373-1391.

Jang, S.-N., Y.-J. Choi & D.-H. Kim. 2009. Association of socioeconomic status with successful ageing: differences in the components of successful ageing. Journal of Biosocial Sciences, 41, 207-219.

López, P. M., R. Fernández-Ballesteros, M. B. Zamarron & S. R. López. 2011. Anthropometric, body composition and health determinants of active ageing: a gender approach. Journal of Biosocial Sciences, 43, 597-610.

Marina, L. 2003. Ramânerea în societate. Monografii ale îmbatrânirii, Editura Emia, Deva.

Park, S.M., S.-N. Jang & D.-H. Kim. 2010. Gender differences as factors in successful ageing: a focus on socioeconomic status. Journal of Biosocial Sciences, 42, 99-111.

Rotariu, T. 2003. Demografie si sociologia populatiei. Fenomene demografice, Editura Polirom, Iasi.

Soitu, D.T. 2009. The elderly among the others. Self-perception and social services. Journal of Gerontological of Social Work, 2, 185-197.

Venn, S. & S. Arber, 2011. Day-time sleep and active ageing in later life. Ageing & Society, 31, 197-216.

Additional Files