THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRUST IN MEDIA AND FAKE NEWS: A SOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH

CRISTINA GAVRILUȚĂ, SERGIU BORTOȘ

Abstract


Although the existence of fake news can be found in the last decade, this subject succeeded to impose and gain coverage among the current research topics, becoming important through the harmful effects it can produce, but also through its continuous dynamics and evolution. Through this paper we aim to present some theoretical perspectives on the phenomenon of fake news, then we will aim to make the connection between fake news and trust in the media (in any of its type, mass-media or new media). Through the theoretical analysis we aim to develop some hypotheses and subjects which could lead to future research. Therefore, by the present analysis – which has as scope the exploration of the possible relations between the population’s trust in the media and fake news – we focus on developing a theoretical framework, so that possible results could enhance a better knowledge and combatting the negative effects of this phenomenon.

Résumé


Bien que l’existence du phénomène fake news peut être trouvée dans la dernière décennie, il a réussi à s’imposer et à gagner de l’espace parmi les sujets de recherche actuels, étant devenu important par les effets nocifs qu’il peut produire, mais aussi par sa continue dynamique et évolution. Par le présent travail nous avons l’intention de présenter quelques perspectives théoriques sur phénomène fake news, ensuite nous essaierons d’établir une connexion avec la confiance dans le média (sous quelque forme que ce soit, média où le nouveau média). L’objective que nous proposons, par la présente analyse théorique, est de développer quelques hypothèses et thèmes, qui pourraient constituer l’objet de recherches supplémentaires. Par cette analyse ayant pour objet l’exploration des possibles relations entre la confiance de la population dans le média et le phénomène fake news, nous avons l’intention de suivre le développent d’un cadre conceptuel, afin que les possibles résultats pourrons être utilisées pour une meilleure compréhension et lutte contre les effets négatives du phénomène.

Rezumat


Deși existența fenomenului fake news poate fi găsită în ultima decadă, acesta a reușit să se impună și să câștige spațiu printre temele de cercetare actuale, devenind important prin efectele nocive pe care le poate produce, dar și prin continua sa dinamică și evoluție. Prin lucrarea de față ne propunem să prezentăm câteva perspective teoretice despre fenomenul fake news, apoi vom încerca să facem legătura cu încrederea în media (în oricare dintre forme, mass-media sau new media). Obiectivul pe care ni-l propunem prin analiza teoretică de față este să dezvoltăm câteva ipoteze și teme care ar putea constitui subiectul unor cercetări viitoare. Prin analiza de față, ce are drept scop explorarea posibilelor relații dintre încrederea populației în media și fenomenul fake news, urmărim dezvoltarea unui cadru conceptual, astfel încât posibilele rezultate ar putea fi utilizate în mai buna cunoaștere și combatere a efectelor negative ale fenomenului.

Keywords


fake news, media, trust in media, false news

Mots-clés


fake news; média; confiance dans le média; des fausses nouvelles.

Cuvinte cheie


fake news; media; încredere în media; știri false.

References


Allcott, H., Gentzkow, M. (2017). Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election. Jeconpers: The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 31(2), 211-235.

Augé, M. (1997). La guerre des rêves. Exércices d’éthno-fiction. Publishing House Seuil.

Bârgăoanu, A. (2018). #Fakenews: noua cursă a înarmării [#Fakenews: The news arms race]. Evrika Publishing.

EBU (2020). Market Insights. Trust in Media. Media Intelligence Service, European Broadcasting Union. https://www.ebu.ch/publications/research/login_only/ report/trust-in-media

Egelhofer, J. L., Lecheler, S. (2019). Fake news as a two-dimensional phenomenon: a framework and research agenda. Annals of the International Communication Association Annals of the International Communication Association, 43(2), 97-116.

Eliade, M. (1992). Sacrul și profanul [The Sacred and the Profane]. Editura Humanitas.

European Commission (2018). Flash Eurobarometer 464: Fake News and Disinformation Online. https://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/index.cfm/survey/getsurveydetail/instruments/flash/surveyky/2183

European Commission (2020). Standard Eurobarometer 92. „Media use in the European Union”. Report. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. https://doi.org/10.2775/80086.

Fârte, G. I., Obadă, D. R. (2018). Reactive Public Relations Strategies for Managing Fake News in the Online Environment. Postmodern Openings. 9(2), 26-44.

Figueira, A., Oliveira, L. (2017). The current state of fake news: challenges and opportunities. Procedia Computer Science, vol. 121, 817-825.

Gavriluță, C. (2008). Socioantropologia fenomenelor divinatorii [Socioantropology of divinatory phenomenona]. Editura Institutul European.

Hirst, M. (2017). Towards a political economy of fake news. The Political Economy of Communication, 5(2). https://www.polecom.org/index.php/polecom/article/view/ 86/288

Maffesoli, M. (2007). Le réenchantement du monde. Une ethique pour notre temps. Table Ronde.

Ognyanova, K., Lazer, D., Robertson, R. E., & Wilson, C. (2020). Misinformation in action: Fake news exposure is linked to lower trust in media, higher trust in government when your side is in power. The Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) Misinformation Review. 1 (4). https://doi.org/10.37016/mr-2020-024.

Tandoc, E. (2021). Tools of Disinformation: How Fake News Gets to Deceive. In Jayakumar, S., Ang, B., Anwar, N. D. (Eds.), Disinformation and Fake News. Palgrave Macmillan.

Tandoc, E., Jenkins, J., Craft, S. (2019). Fake News as a Critical Incident in Journalism. Journalism Practice, 13(6), 673-689.

Tandoc, E., Lim, D., Ling, R. (2020). Diffusion of disinformation: How social media users respond to fake news and why. Journalism. 21(3), 381-398.

Tandoc, E., Lim, Z. W., Ling, R. (2018). Defining „Fake News”. Digital Journalism, 6(2), 137-153.

Voicu, M. (2018). Matrioșka mincinoșilor: fake news, manipulare, populism [The matrioska of liars: fake news, manipulation, populism]. Humanitas.

Wardle, C. (2020). Journalism and the New Information Ecosystem: Responsibilities and Challenges. In Zimdras, M., McLeod, K. (Eds.), Fake news: Understanding media and misinformation in the digital age. The MIT Press.

Wasserman, H., Madrid-Morales, D. (2019). An Exploratory Study of „Fake News” and Media Trust in Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa. Africa Journalism Studies, 40(1), 107-123.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.47743/asas-2021-1-635

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.