DESISTANCE AND VICTIM PROTECTION IN ROMANIA: COLLABORATION BETWEEN PROBATION AND PRISON FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE PROGRAMME ‘REDUCING THE RISK OF RELAPSE’

MARIA SANDU

Abstract


Criminologically, the psychosocial and educational perspectives on the person who commits acts of aggressiveness, including sexual abuse, are based on several theoretical models of intervention, which are included in the bio-pathological, psychological and sociocultural perspectives. This is the very premise of the assisted desistance as a succession of stages developed within the criminal trial, and taking risk management as the fundamental principle applied in the custodial and probation system. Firstly, this article starts from a case study conducted in the Romanian probation system, which is presented at the “Fifth International Conference Multidisciplinary Perspectives in the Quasi-Coercive Treatment of Offenders. Probation as a field of study and research: From person to society” (2016). Secondly, it reflects the collaboration between prison and probation in the primary and secondary desistance using the programme ‘Reducing the Risk of Relapse’ (RRR) after prison, which uses the complementary ‘risk, needs and responsivity’ (RNR) model with the “Good Life Model” (GLM) based on combining the principle of individual responsiveness with that of social responsibility. Our arguments are – in the sense of highlighting the importance of individualizing the sanction – focusing on the contextualized narrative identity, from secondary desistance to ensure the continuity of the post-sentence rehabilitation and the protection of the crime victim.

Résumé


La perspective criminologique, psychosociale et éducative de la personne qui commet des actes d'agression, y compris des abus sexuels, se fonde sur plusieurs modèles théoriques d'intervention, qui sont inclus dans les approches bio-pathologiques, psychologiques et socioculturelles. C'est la prémisse à partir de laquelle la désistance assisté commence, comme une succession d'étapes développées dans le processus pénal avec gestion des risques, comme principe fondamental appliqué dans le système de garde et de probation. Tout d'abord, cet article part d'une étude de cas menée dans le système de probation roumain, qui a été présentée à la cinquième conférence internationale intitulée «Perspectives multidisciplinaires dans le traitement quasi-coercitif des délinquants. La probation comme domaine d'étude et de recherche: de la personne à la société » (2016). Dans un second temps, cet article réfléchit à la collaboration entre prison et probation dans la désistance primaire et secondaire en utilisant le programme post-prison «Réduire le risque de récidive» (RRR), qui repose sur la complémentarité du «risk, need and réactivité» (RNR), avec le «Modèle pour une vie meilleure” (GLM), en associant le principe de la responsabilité individuelle à celui de la responsabilité sociale. En ce sens, nos arguments soulignent l'importance d'individualiser l'exécution de la peine, qui doit être centrée sur l'identité narrative contextualisée, dans la perspective d'une désistance secondaire, afin d'assurer la continuité dans la réhabilitation post-condamnation et la protection de la victime du crime.

Rezumat


Perspectiva criminologică, psihosocială și educațională asupra persoanei care comite acte de agresivitate, inclusiv abuzuri sexuale, se bazează pe mai multe modele teoretice de intervenție, care sunt incluse în abordările bio-patologice, psihologice și socioculturale. Aceasta este premisa de la care pornește desistarea asistată, ca o succesiune de etape dezvoltate în cadrul procesului penal avand managementul riscului, ca principiu fundamental aplicat în sistemul custodial și de probațiune. În primul rând, acest articol pleacă de la un studiu de caz realizat în sistemul românesc de probațiune, care a fost prezentat la cea de-a V-a conferință internațională intitulată „Perspective Multidisciplinare în Tratamentul Quasi-Coercitiv al Delincvenților. Probațiunea ca domeniu de studiu și cercetare: De la persoană la societate” (2016). În al doilea rând, prezentul articol reflectă colaborarea dintre penitenciar și probațiune, în cadrul desistării primare și secundare folosind programul „Reducerea riscului de recidivă” (RRR) după închisoare, care se bazează pe complementaritatea modelului „risc, nevoi și responsivitate” (RNR), cu „Modelul unei vieți mai bune” (GLM), prin combinarea principiului formării responsabilității individuale, cu cel al responsabilității sociale. În acest sens, argumentele noastre evidențiază importanța individualizării executării sentinței, care trebuie să fie centrată pe identitatea narativă contextualizată, din perspectiva desistării secundare, în vederea asigurării continuității în reabilitarea post-condamnatorie și protecția victimei infracțiunii.

Keywords


Desistance; Probation; Prison; ‘Reducing the Risk of Relapse’ programme; Victim’s protection

Mots-clés


désistance; probation; prison; le programme «Réduire le risque de récidive»; protection de la victime

Cuvinte cheie


desistare; probațiune; penitenciar; programul „Reducerea riscului de recidivă”; protecția victimei

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.47743/asas-2021-1-628

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