STUDENTS, NEWS AND DECISION-MAKERS IN THE STATE OF EMERGENCY

CRISTINA GAVRILUȚĂ, COSTEL MARIAN DALBAN

Abstract


The global epidemiological context has caused various social and behavioural changes among the population. This article measures the confidence of Romanian students towards political and non-political communicators, present in the media space during the alert period. Furthermore, the ways of informing them and the effects of “fake news” will be highlighted. Analyses of an online survey show that institutions of power and science benefit from a higher degree of trust compared to political ones. Students are informed from official sources and are aware of the negative effects of fakenews and also appreciate differently the trust offered to the institutions in relation to their nominal representatives. The study had as respondents students from all university centers in Romania (N=1013), being implemented between April and May 2020.

Résumé


Le contexte épidémiologique global est à l'origine de diverses mutations sociales et comportementales au sein de la population. Cet article mesure le degré de confiance des étudiants roumains envers les communicateurs politiques et apolitiques, présents dans l'espace médiatique pendant l'état d'alerte. Par ailleurs, les moyens d`information et les effets produits par les fake news seront mis en évidence. Les analyses résultant de la mise en œuvre d'une enquête en ligne montrent que les forces de l'ordre et les institutions scientifiques ont un degré de confiance plus élevé que les institutions politiques. Les étudiants sont informés par des sources officielles et sont conscients des effets négatifs des fake news et apprécient également différemment la confiance accordée aux institutions, par rapport à leurs représentants nominaux. L'étude avait comme répondants des étudiants de tous les centres universitaires de Roumanie (N = 1013), mise en œuvre entre avril et mai 2020.

Rezumat


Contextul epidemiologic la nivel global a cauzat diferite mutații sociale și comportamentale în rândul populației. Acest articol măsoară gradul de încredere al studenților din România față de comunicatorii politici și non-politici, prezenți în spațiul media în perioada stării de alertă. Mai mult, se vor evidenția modalitățile de informare ale acestora și efectele produse de știrile fakenews. Analizele rezultate în urma implementării unui sondaj online, arată faptul că instituțiile de forță și cele științifice beneficiază de un grad ridicat de încredere mai mare, în raport cu cele politice. Studenții se informează din surse oficiale și conștientizează efectele negative ale fakenews-ului și în aceeași măsură apreciază diferențiat încrederea oferită instituțiilor, în raport cu reprezentanții nominali ai acestora. Studiul a avut ca respondenți studenți din toate centrele universitare din România (N=1013), fiind implementat în perioada aprilie –mai 2020.

Keywords


trust, students, pandemic context, public institutions, politicians, news, fakenews.

Mots-clés


confiance, étudiants, contexte pandémique, institutions publiques, politiques, actualités, fakenew.

Cuvinte cheie


încredere, studenți, context pandemic, instituții publice, oameni politici, știri, fakenews

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.47743/asas-2021-1-627

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