THE INTERPLAY BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE WELFARE STATE IN THE CONTEXT OF THE AGEING OF THE MIGRANT POPULATION

Oana Ciobanu, Claudio Bolzman

Abstract


The article revisits the literature on international migration and the welfare state by focusing on the emerging population of ageing migrants. The scope is to develop a theoretical model that would allow the understanding of the inclusion of ageing migrants in the welfare state. The article enquires how do ageing migrants become included in the welfare system. Further, it narrows down and compares the Portuguese and Swiss welfare states with a focus on access to health care and pensions. The conclusion points to a heterogeneous population of ageing migrants that policies and states are not yet ready to accommodate.

Résumé


L'article revisite la littérature sur les migrations internationales et l'Etat social en mettant l'accent sur la population croissante des migrants vieillissants. L’objectif est de développer un modèle théorique qui permettrait de comprendre le processus d'inclusion des migrants vieillissants dans l'État-social. L'article s’interroge notamment sur comment les migrants vieillissants sont pris en compte par le système de protection sociale. Plus précisément, il compare les États-sociaux portugais et suisse avec un accent sur l'accès aux soins de santé et aux pensions de retraite. La conclusion indique l’existence d’une population hétérogène de migrants vieillissants que les politiques et les états ne sont pas encore prêts à prendre pleinement en considération.

Rezumat


Articolul revizitează literatura de specialitate privind migrația internațională și statul bunăstării, concentrându-se asupra emergenței populației migranților în îmbatranire. Dscopul acestei dezvoltări teoretice este acela de a dezvolta un model teoretic care ar permite înțelegerea incluziunii migranților îmbătrânire în statul bunăstării. Articolul se întreabă cum sunt incluși migranții în vîrstă în sistemul de protecție socială. Mai mult, compară statele portughez și elvețian, în privința accesului la ingrijiri medicale si la pensii. Concluzia indică o populație eterogenă de migranți în vârstă pentru integrarea cărora statele și politicile nu sunt încă pregătite.

Keywords


International migration; transnationalism; the welfare state; health services; pension; ageing migrants; Portugal; Switzerland

Mots-clés


Migration internationale, transnationalisme, État social, services de santé, retraites, migrants vieillissants, Portugal, Suisse

Cuvinte cheie


Migrația internațională; transnationalismul; statul bunăstării; servicii de sănătate; de pensii; migranții în vârstă; Portugalia; Elveția

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