• Marie-Emmanuelle AMARA Université du Luxembourg
  • Michele BAUMANN Université du Luxembourg
  • Veronique PELT Université du Luxembourg
  • Jean-François GUILLAUME Université de Liège, Belgique
  • Ion IONESCU "Al.I.Cuza" University, Iasi


competences, employability, students, quality of Life, Europe


The main aims of European universities today are to ensure that students have the skills and knowledge (the so called competences) they need, and to prepare them for sustainable employment. This mission, underpinned by reforms initiated under the umbrella of the Bologna process and the creation of the European Higher Education Area, is central to their activities. In this article, we try to illustrate the changing roles of universities, highlighting the importance of the concept of evolution of competences and reporting the first use of the scale <i>‘Students' QuAlity of Life and Employability Skill'</i> (SQALES) among students entering their first year of social sciences study at three universities, one each in Luxembourg, Belgium and Romania. This project shows that evaluation of competences is possible and can even be recommended as a guide to adjusting curricula and to implementing programmes of assistance tailored to identified student needs.


Amara, M.E. and Baumann, M. 2009. L'évaluation compréhensive de la satisfaction des étudiant-e-s à l'égard de la prise en charge par l'Université. In Université Genève, ADMEE (Association Développement Méthodologies d'Evaluation en Education en Europe). (Page consultée le 15 july 2009).

Amara, M.E. and Alzahouri, K. 2006. Potentiel d'employabilité, qualité de vie et comportements liés à la santé d'étudiants luxembourgeois. In European Summer University for Research and Innovations. FREREF Association, Krakow, Poland, 216.

Baumann, M. and Alla, F. 2000. Construction sociologique des usagers: évaluation en santé et participation communautaire des jeunes. In Cresson G, Schweyer FX (eds.), Les usagers du système de soins (The Users of the Care System). Rennes, ENSP, Recherche Santé Social, 4, 145-158.

Campanale, F. and Raîche, G. 2008. L‘évaluation dans la formation supérieure et professionnelle. In Mesure et Evaluation en Education (Measures and Evaluation in Education). Québec, Canada, 31(3), 35-59.

Ionescu, I. and Lupu, A. 2007. Sociologia sanatatii studentilor (The Sociology of the Students' Health). Editura Universitatii "Al. I. Cuza", Iasi.

Lin, Z., Sweet, R., Anisef, P. and Schuetze, H. 2009. Conséquences et incidences stratégiques pour les étudiants universitaires qui ont choisi les études libérales ou professionnelles. Direction générale de la recherche appliquée, politique stratégique, Développement des ressources humaines (General Direction of the Applied Research, Strategic Policies, Development of the Human Resources). Hull, Québec, Canada, 2000. (12 juny 2009).

Murias, P. and Rodriguez, D. 2008. A Composite Indicator for University Quality Assesment. The case of Spanish Higher Education System. Social Indicators Research, 89, 129-146.

Roberts, R., Golding, J., Towell, T., Reid, S. and Woodford, S. 2000. Mental and physical health in students: the role of economic circumstances. British Journal Health Psychology, 5(3).

Tapie, P. 2006. Missions universitaires et gouvernements des personnes. Revue française de gestion (French Management's Review), 83-106.

Additional Files