• Attila K. MOLNAR Eötvös University, Budapest


Oakeshott, Hobbes, liberal arts, political knowledge, scientism, rhetoric, hermeneutic


Oakeshott’s well-known interest in political knowledge was associated with the defense of practical knowledge and the criticism of rationalism. Although he didn’t seem to realize, the scientist version of rationalism was launched partly by one of his favorite, Thomas Hobbes. Despite of his life-long defense of practical knowledge and the criticism of bookish politics, in several papers he didn’t simply refused scientism, but wrote for liberal education, involving reading. He implied that practical knowledge needed in proper political activity connected to liberal education, that is, practice to rhetoric, reading to judgment.


Boonin-Vail, David, Thomas Hobbes and the Science of Moral Virtue.Cambridge University Press.


Cronon, William, "Only Connect: The Goals of a Liberal Education" in TheAmerican Scholar, Autumn 1998. Volume 67, No. 4.


Erasmus, Education of a Christian Prince, New York, Octagon Books, 1963


Ezrahi, Y., The Theatrics and Mechanics of Action: the Theater and the Machine as Political Metaphors. Social Research, 1995 Summer 95, Vol. 62, No. 2 pp. 299-322.


Feldman, Karen, S., Conscience and the Concealments of Metaphor in Hobbes's "Leviathan", Philosophy & Rhetoric Vol. 34, No. 1 (2001), pp. 21-37


Hobbes, De Cive, Hackett, Cambridge, 1991


- , The Elements of Law, Oxford, 1994.


- , Leviathan, Oxford, Clarendon, 1909


Johnston, David,‘Plato, Hobbes, and the Science of Practical Reasoning’, in Mary Dietz ed. Thomas Hobbes and Political Theory, Lawrence, University of Kansas Press, 1990


Kahn, V. , Rhetoric,Prudence and Scepticism in the Renaissance, Cornell University Press, Ithaca-London, 1985


Kuic, Vukan, “Work, Leisure and Culture” in The Review of Politics Vol. 43, No. 3 (Jul., 1981), pp. 436-465.


LeFevre, Karen, Invention as a Social Act, SIU Press, 1987


Lewis, C.S., The Abolition of Man, a free ebook from http://manybooks.net/ .


Nardin, T. “Oakeshott’s Philosophy of the Social Sciences,”, in C. Abel and T. Fuller eds. The Intellectual Legacy of Michael Oakeshott, Imprint Academic, 2005.


Oakeshott, M., Morality and Politics in Modern Europe, Yaler University Press, New Haven-London, 1993.


- , On Human Conduct, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1975. - , Rationalism in Politics, Liberty Fund, Indianapolis, 1991.


- , The Voice of Liberal Learning, Liberty Fund, Indianapolis, 1989


Schiller, Fr. Letters Upon The Aesthetic Education Of Man,


Stillman, Robert, E., Hobbes's "Leviathan": Monsters, Metaphors, and Magic, ELH, 1995, Winter, Vol. 62, No. 4, pp. 791-819


Tocqueville, Alexis de, Democracy in America, Everyman’s Library, 1994


Vico, Giambattista, On the study methods of our time, Cornell University, 1990