Keywords:phenomenology, material idealism, theory of perception, the riddle of knowledge, transcendental realism
AbstractThe following paper is dedicated to a perennial theme pertaining to Husserl’s phenomenology, namely its ontological orientation. The main objective in this connection is to throw a shadow of doubt on an interpretation that over the years had its adherents: the understanding of phenomenology as just a special brand of material idealism. In order to accomplish this aim, one will employ a strategy that has as its main point of attack the correlation between Husserl’s phenomenology and the Cartesian project. Thus, it will be exhibited firstly those key aspects that sustain this correlation. Secondly, we will show how Descartes’ philosophy can be linked with idealism, reaching as a result a preliminary conclusion: phenomenology is tantamount to idealism insofar as it is Cartesian in nature. In the end we will contest this conception by alluding to Husserl’s critique of Descartes, one that has as its forefront the notion of transcendental idealism.
Allison, Henry. Kant's Transcendental Idealism, New Haven and London:
Yale University Press, 2004.
Berkeley, George. A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human
Understanding, edited by Jonathan Dancy, Oxford University Press, 1998.
Bernet, Rudolf, ed. Edmund Husserl. Critical Assessments of leading
philosophers, Volume II, London: Routledge, 2005.
Carr, David. Phenomenology and the Problem of History, Evanston:
Northwestern University Press, 1974.
Husserl, Edmund. Cartesianische Meditationen und Pariser Vorträge, Hua
I, Edited by S. Strasser, The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 1973.
- Die Idee der Phänomenologie. Fünf Vorlesungen, Hua II, Edited
by Walter Biemel, The Hague, Netherlands: Martinus Nijhoff, 1973.
- Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und Phänomenologische
Philosophie, Erstes Buch, Hua III/1, Edited by Karl Schumann, The Hague:
Martinus Nijhoff, 1976.
Kant, Immanuel. Kritik der reinen Vernunft, Hamburg: Felix Meiner
Locke, John. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, edited by Peter
H. Nidditch, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Smith, Barry, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Husserl, New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Sokolowski, Robert. The Formation of Husserl's Concept of Constitution,
The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1970.