THE ATTRACTIVENESS OF SOCIAL LIFE IN THE COMMUNITY ENVIRONMENT
Keywords:homo socialis, group resource, community, society, life scheme, sociality, sociability, community spirit, social distance, genuine community, pseudocommunity, community stability, community comfortability
AbstractThere are no concepts in social sciences and in humanities that would enjoy unanimous agreement over their meaning. What is more, potential efforts at conceptual simplification and unification have led to the opposite effect, of complication of categories and diversification. The concept of community has a respectable history, especially in sociology, but it has also generated a genuine semantic and interpretative inflation. The current study aims to provide a version of the definition of communitarian reality, by setting it against social reality. Starting from arguments that justify the presence of homo socialis both in community and in society, we conclude with the aspects that produce the attractiveness and comfort of social life, especially in community areas: consanguinity, relational density, unconditioned solidarity, affectivity, mutual tolerance, educational similarity, elective affinities etc. The favourable image of a community is not constructed by tracing a detestable profile of society, as evidence confirms the presence of communitarian elements in society, as well as of societal elements in community. Also, by capitalising on the premise that communities offer individuals various advantages, we can establish the typological affiliation of community groups according to two differentiating criteria: the number of common elements recognised by community members and the degree of community stability. Since it has become increasingly frequent currently to talk about the return to community, in the end of our study we describe a series of socio-cultural and political circumstances that can fine-tune the contemporary concept of community.
Adorno, T. (2007). Minima moralia. Reflectii dintr-o viatã mutilatã, Art, Bucharest.
Balandier, G. (1983), Communautes chaudes et communautes froides. In vol. Solitude et communication, Neuchatel.
Bauman, Z. (2001). Comunitatea. Cãutarea sigurantei într-o lume nesigurã, Antet, Bucharest.
Bãran-Pescaru, A. (2004). Familia azi. O perspectivã sociopedagogicã, Aramis, Bucharest.
Braunstein, F. and Pepin, J. F. (1996). Marile doctrine, Antet, Bucharest.
Durkheim, E. (2001). Diviziunea muncii sociale, Albatros, Bucharest.
Fanget, F. (2008). Sensul vietii, Editura Trei, Bucharest.
Luc-Nancy, J. (2005). Comunitatea absentã, Idea Design and Print, Cluj-Napoca.
Marica, G.E. (1997), Încercare de definire a satului. In Studii sociologice, Fundatia Culturalã Românã, Cluj-Napoca.
Moscovici, S. and Buschini, F. (2007). Metodologia stiintelor socioumane, Polirom, Iasi.
Orford, J. (1998). Psihologia comunitãtii, Oscar Print, Bucharest
Pareto, V. (2007). Tratat de sociologie generalã, Beladi, Craiova.
Pascaru, M. (2003). Matricea comunitarã. Cunoastere, comunicare si actiune comunã în satul contemporan, Presa Universitarã Clujeanã, Cluj-Napoca.
Pitulac,T. (2009). Sociologia comunitãtii, Institutul European, Iasi.
Rãdulescu, S., M. (2006). Între homo oeconomicus si homo sociologicus, Lumina Lex, Bucharest.
Rouchy, J.C. (2000). Grupul-spatiu analitic. Observatie si teorie, Polirom, Iasi.
Segallen, M. (2011). Sociologia familiei, Polirom, Iasi.
Selznick, P. (1992). The Moral Commonwealth: Social Theory and the Promise of Community, University of California Press, Los Angeles.
Smith, A. (1996). Recherches sur la nature et les causes de la richesse des nations, Guillaumin, Paris.
Thomas,W. and Znaniecki, Fl. (1958). The Polish Peasant in Europe and America, Dover Publications, New York.
Tönnies, F. (1963). Community and Society, Harper, New York.
Ungureanu, I. (1990). Paradigme ale cunoasterii societãtii, Humanitas, Bucharest.
Warren, R. L. (1961). Toward a Reformulation of Community Theory. In Developement Community. National Trening Laboratories, Washington D. C