SOLUTION-FOCUSED APPROACH IN PREPARING INMATES FOR SOCIAL REINTEGRATION
Keywords:focusing on solution, participation, language of change, social reintegration
AbstractFocusing on solution is an alternative perspective of communication, professional activities and relationship in relation to the problem-solving approach, used in social work. Looking to the future, rather than the past, the solution-focused approach affirms the right of clients to establish the desired results. It believes that change can take place in a relatively short period of time, especially when clients are empowered and motivated to use their resources and strengths to build solutions. Focusing on solution is part of the theoretical and methodological horizon, rooted in constructivism and social constructionism, which among other ideas specific to postmodernism, states that language, rather than just a medium for expressing ideas, really determines thinking, to the extent that truth is the product of language. This means that problems and solutions can be built through the communication that the social worker in the penitentiary has with inmates. Through communication, change can occur either as a difference in the way a person sees his world, or as a person doing something different, or both. This approach is also productive in communicating with the inamtes in order to identify relevant and motivating objectives and solutions for behavioral rehabilitation and social reintegration.
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