• Simona Maria STĂNESCU PhD, senior researcher within the Research Institute for Quality of Life, Romanian Academy Casa Academiei, Calea 13 Septembrie no. 13, district 5, Bucharest


population change, fertility rate, EU-15, Eastern member states


The theoretical perspective of the study is represented by the second demographic transition characterised by lower fertility and death rates. The article analysed the population change and fertility rates in EU-28 member states for the period 1961-2012. The paper also prospects the demographic 2060 population change according with the low fertility rate scenario. TrEU-28 confronts constant decreased population change and fertility especially in newly Eastern European member states. As methodology the article uses secondary analysis based on Eurostat, the statistical office of the EU as well as the Population Policy Data Bank maintained by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat.


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