MONDIALISATION, CONDITION HUMAINE, CIVILISATION DE L’INFORMATION.<br />APPROCHE CONSTRUCTIVISTE
Keywords:globalization, human condition, information civilization, theoretical approaches, pluralism
AbstractAn event series marks the end of the second millennium and the arrival of a new era. The world became open and chaotic, it no longer is a clock mechanism. The existing theories doesn’t detect completely the nature of the globalization and its consequences. They apprehended the human condition in a fragmentary manner, each concentrating on the politics, the economics, the society, the culture. The optimists approaches were accompanied by of others, pessimistic. Their difficulties are at once ontologiques, epistémologiques, phenomenological... Despite all their pieces of information, one does not know what we arrive. The globalization is a movement influencing all the aspects of human life, all the regions of the world. The civilization prohibitionist a condition that allows the concomitant production of the strength, wealth, social, cultural interaction, innovation. The union of a vision of the world and of a historic system that produces a value body can be born a civilization. A society built around information produces more liberty and equality, things that people value more in a modern democracy. The relation between individuals, liberties, society and solidarity within the system that generates the complex life of today, needs the art to equilibrate "the eternal yesterday" and "the eternal tomorrow", globalization and pluralism. Our world vilage will not be able to survive if we don't learn to live together and to drop the high barriers around us. Globalization has launched challenges and demands responses. In fact, any new era brings fear and hope... Globalization offers possibilities and dangers, opportunities nd threats, and the people must take courage to reveal them.
Bell, D. 1966. The end of ideology: upon the exhaustion of political ideas in the fifties. Free Press, New York.
Bush, G. 1991. Public papers of the presidents of the United States. Biroul publicatiilor guvernului SUA, Washington.
Drucker, P.F. 1986. The changed world economy. Dans Foreign Affairs, vol. 64, no 4.
Ellul, J. 1990. La technique ou l’enjeu du siècle. Economica, Paris.
Farhang R. 2001. La mondialisation au banc des accusés. La condition humaine et la civilisation de l’information. Centre de recherches pour le développement international, Ottawa.
Fromm, E. 1968. The revolution of hope: toward a humanized Technology. Harper&Row Publishers, New York.
Fukuyama, F. 1992. The end of history. Dans The National Interest, vol. 16; The end of history and the last man. Free Press, New York.
Geertz, C. 1973. The interpretation of cultures. Basic, New York.
Gellner, E. 1993. Postmodernism, reason and religion. Routledge, Chapman and Hall, New York.
Gress, D.R. 1997. The drama of modern Western identity. Dans Orbis, vol. 41, no 4.
Habermas, J. 1993. Le discours philosophique de la modernité. Gallimard, Paris; 1993; 1996. L’espace public. Payot, Paris.
Hegel, F. 1991. Phénoménologie de l’Esprit. Aubier, Paris.
Held, D. 1996. Models of democracy. Stanford University Press.
Hobbes, T. 1971. Léviathan. Sirey, Paris.
Huntington, S. 1993. The clash of civilizations. Dans Foreign Affairs, vol. 73, no 3; The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order, New York, Simon & Schuster, 1996; « The clash of civilizations — a response », Millennium, vol 26, no 1, 1997.
Innis, H.A. 1951. The bias of communication. University of Toronto Press.
Jaspers, K. 1963. Autobiographie philosophie. Aubier, Paris.
Kaplan, R.D. 1994. The coming of anarchy. Dans The Atlantic Monthly, vol. 273, , no 2.
Kung, H. Towards a world ethic of world religions, fundamental questions of present-day ethics in a global context. Dans Kung, H. Et Moltmann, J. 1990. The ethics of world religions and human rights. Concilium, New York; Global responsibility: in search of a new world ethic, New York, 1992; Infallible? An unresolved inquiry, New York, 1994; Yes to a global ethic. Continuum, New York, 1996.
Lawrence, B.B. 1989. Defenders of God: the fundamentalist revolt against the modern age. Harper and Row Publishers, San Francisco.
Le Coran. 1979. Lebaud, Paris.
Linklater, A. 1998. The transformation of political community: ethical foundations of the post-Westphalian era. Polity Press, Oxford.
Lisensky, R.P., Pfnister, A. et Sweet, S.D. 1985. The new liberal learning: technology and the liberal arts. Council of Independent Colleges, Washington.
Lyotard, J.F. 1979. La condition postmoderne. Minuit, Paris.
O’Brien, R. 1992. Global financial integration: the end of geography. Royal Institute of International Affairs, Londres.
Postman, N. 1992. Technopoly: the surrender of culture to technology. Alfred A. Knopf, New York.
Rawls, J. 1993. The law of peoples. Dans Critical Inquiry, vol. 20, no 1.
Unesco. 1995. Our creative diversity: report of the World Commission on Culture and Development. Publication de l’UNESCO, Paris.