political memories, oral history, social representations, Prut Valley, (post)communism, social framework


This article aims to create the link between individual psychological processes, collective psychology and political identity. Generally speaking, political memories, representations and cognitions are vectors for creating social and political identities. Beyond the cognitivist perspectives of the memory, we argue that social framework is one of the most important contextual variable for shaping memories and identities. However, political representations create premises for social and political knowledge, political orientation and self-position on the ideological scale. Beyond these features, political representations are involved in political evaluation. For understanding the relation between political representations, memories and identities we analyse a group of interviews applied on the Prut Valley in Romania and Republic of Moldova. We observe that political representations are related to communist nostalgia in the Republic of Moldova. Moreover, these kinds of representations generate stiff political identities. In Romanian case we have observed a negative perception of the communist order and a hybrid political identity which balance between national and supranational political framework.

Author Biography


Ph.D. Lecturer at “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi.


Abric, J.C. (1997). Reprezentările sociale: aspecte teoretice. In Neculau, A. (Ed.) Reprezentările sociale. Iaşi: Editura Polirom, pp. 107-127.

Alford, F. (2016). Mirror Neurons, Psychoanalysis, and the Age of Empathy. International Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies. 13, (1), 7- 23.

Åslund, A. (2009). How Ukraine became a market economy and democracy. Washington D.C : Peterson Institute for International Economics.

Ball, T. & Dagger, R. (2000). Ideologii politice şi idealul democratic. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.

Berger, P.& Luckmann, T. (2008). Construirea socială a realităţii. Bucureşti: Editura Art.

Brown, R. & Kulik, J. (1977). Flashbulb Memories. Cognition. 5, 73-99.

Cerutti, F. (2003). A political identity of the Europeans. Thesis Eleven. 72, 26–45.

Chiriac, H. C. (2019). Power, Identity and Efficiency in the Political Discourse. Argumentum. Journal of the Seminar of Discursive Logic, Argumentation Theory

and Rhetoric. 17, (1), 55-64.

Conway, M. (1997). Cognitive Models of Memory. Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Dawisha, K. (1997). Democratization and Political Participation: Research Concepts and Methodologies. In Dawisha, K. & Parrot, B. (Eds.). Democratic Changes and Authoritarian Reactions in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 58-87.

Dunbar, R. (2011), The Social Brain Hypothesis and its Relevance to Social Psychology. In J. Forgas, J. & Haselton, M. (Eds.), Evolution and the social mind, Evolutionary Psychology and Social Cognition. New York: Psychology Press, pp. 21-33.

Duveen, G. & Lloyd, B. (1990). Social representations and the development of knowledge. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Farina, E., et. al. ( 2017). The Mirror Neurons Network in Aging, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Alzheimer Disease: A functional MRI Study. Frontiers in Aging Neurosciences. 9, 1-13.

Fodor, J. A. & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1988). Connectionism and cognitive architecture: A critical analysis. Cognition. 28, (1–2), 3-71.

Gellner, E. (2001). Cultură, identitate şi politică. Iaşi: Institutul European.

Gentry, B. (2018). Political Identity: Meaning, Measures, and Evidence. In Gentry, B. (ed.). Why Youth Vote. Cham: Springer, pp.19-48

Hague, R. & Harrop, M. & Breslin, S. (1998). Comparative Government and Politics. London & New York: McMillan Press.

Halbwachs, M. (1992). On Collective Memory. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Higgins, T., & Bargh, J.(1987). Social cognition and social perception. Annual Review of Psychology. 38, 369-425.

Iacoboni, M. (2009). The Problem of Other Minds Is Not a Problem: Mirror Neurons and Intersubjectivity. In Pineda, A.J. (Ed.). Mirror Neuron Systems, The role of mirroring processes in Social Cognition. New York: Humana Press, pp.121-135.

Keysers, C. & Gazzola, V. (2009). Unifying social cognition. In Pineda, A.J. (Ed.). Mirror Neuron Systems, The role of mirroring processes in Social Cognition. New York: Humana Press, pp.3-39.

Lieberman, M. & Schreiber, D. & Ochsner, K. (2003). Is Political Cognition Like Riding a Bicycle? How Cognitive Neuroscience Can Inform Research on Political Thinking. Political Psychology. 24,(4), 681-704.

Lungu, O. (2004). “Eul” în cogniţia socială. In Neculau, A. (Ed.). Manual de psihologie socială. Iaşi: Editura Polirom, pp.86-100.

Marková, I. (2004). Dialogistica şi reprezentările sociale. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.

Miclea, M. (2003). Psihologie cognitivă, Modele teoretico-experimentale. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.

Mihailescu, B.C. (2016). Democrație, idealuri și populism. Analele Științifice ale Universității „Al.I.Cuza” din Iași (Serie Nouă) Științe Politice. 11, (1), 117-125.

Moscovici, S. (1986). L’ère des représentations sociales. In Doise, W. & Palmonari, A. (Eds.), L’étude des représentations sociales. Paris : Delachaux & Niestle, pp.34-80.

Moskowitz, G.B. (2001). Cognitive Social Psychology: The Princeton Symposium On the Legacy and Future of Social Cognition, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Motyl, A. (1993). Dilemma of Independent Ukraine after Totalitarianism. New York: Council of Foreign Relations Book.

Mudde, C. (2005). Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe. London: Routledge

Neculau, A. (2004). Manual de psihologie socială. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.

Styles, E. (2005). Atention, Perception and Memory. An Integrated Introduction. New York: Psychology Press.

Tismăneanu, V. (2007). Reinventarea politicului. Iaşi: Polirom.

Zlate, M. (2009). Fundamentele psihologiei. Iaşi: Editura Polirom.