DEMOCRACY AND/OR TOTALITARIANISM

BOGDAN CONSTANTIN MIHAILESCU

Abstract


Totalitarian democracy is not an oxymoron, but an old concept of political theory. It is used to cover some of the political hypostases, in which, although there are mechanisms of democratic legitimation of power, individual liberties are lost. Democracy, in order to be saved from a possible association with totalitarian regimes, must keep the liberal dimension, which is the sphere of individual rights and liberties, the theory and practice of rule of law and of constitutionalism. Thus, instead of liberal democracy, it may easily take shape totalitarian democracy.

Keywords


democracy, liberalism, surveillance, totalitarianism, totalitarian democracy

References


Arendt, H. (2014), Originile totalitarismului, Bucureşti: Humanitas.

Barth, H. (1961). The Religion of Totalitarianism. In A. Hunold (Ed.), Freedom and Serfdom: An Anthology of Western Thought, 27-48, Dordrecht Holland: D. Reidel Publishing Company.

Ben-Dor, O. (2000), Constitutional Limits and the Public Sphere: A Critical Study of Bentham's Constitutionalism, Oxford: Hart Publishing.

Bobbio, N. (1998), Liberalism şi democraţie, Bucureşti: Nemira.

Dunn, J. (2002). Totalitarian Democracy and the Legacy of Modern Revolutions - Explanation or Indictment?. In Y. Arieli and N. Rotenstreich (Eds.), Totalitarian Democracy and After, 37-55, London and Portland: Frank Cass Publishers.

Chiriac, H. C. (2019). Avatarul retoric și profilul axiologic al discursului politic. In V. Stoica şi B. C. Mihailescu (Eds.), Noi perspective asupra valorilor politice, 239-258, Iaşi: Editura Universităţii „Al. I. Cuza”.

Crick, B. (1993), In Defence of Politics, Fourth Edition, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Hayek, F. A. (1998), Constituţia libertăţii, Iaşi: Instituutul European.

Grecu, S. P. (2017). Profiluri psihologice ale liderilor politici contemporani. Analize comparate, Analele ştiinţifice ale Universităţii ,,Al. I Cuza” din Iaşi, Secţiunea Ştiinţe Politice, XII(1), 31-57.

Jones, P. (2005). Freedom. In P. B. Clarke and J. Foweraker (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought, 363-369, London and New York: Routledge.

Langdon, K. C. and Tismăneanu, V. (2019), Putin’s Totalitarian Democracy: Ideology, Myth, and Violence in the Twenty-First Century, Cham Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan Springer Nature.

Laval, C. (2012). Surveiller et prévenir. La nouvelle société panoptique, Revue du MAUSS, 40(2), 47-72; translated in english and available online at:

https://www.cairn-int.info/article-E_RDM_040_0047--discipline-and-prevent-the- new.htm; DOI 10.3917/rdm.040.0047

Litwack, E. B. (2019), Totalitarianism, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, https://www.iep.utm.edu/totalita/

Manokha, I. (2018). Surveillance, Panopticism, and Self-Discipline in the Digital Age, Surveillance & Society, 16(2), 219-237.

Margalit, A. (1996), The Decent Society, Cambridge Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Mihailescu, B. C. (2014). Limite şi probleme ale guvernanţei electronice. In V. Stoica şi O. Ghersaim-Proca (Eds.), Guvernanța electronică. De la promisiuni teoretice la realități empirice, 49-65, Iaşi: Editura Universităţii ,,Al. I Cuza”.

Nay, O. (2008), Istoria ideilor politice, Iaşi: Polirom.

O'Kane and R. H. T. (2004), Paths to Democracy: Revolution and Totalitarianism, London and New York: Routledge.

Rousseau, J. J. (2005), Contractul social, traducere de H. H. Stahl, Filipeştii de Târg Prahova: Antet XX Press.

Sartori, G. (1999), Teoria democraţiei reinterpretată, Iaşi: Polirom.

Shapiro, M. (2004), A Sense of Place: Great Travel Writers Talk About Their Craft, Lives, and Inspiration, Berkeley (CA): Publishers Group West.

Schmitter, P. C., Karl T. L. (2002). Ce este …şi ce nu este democraţia, Revista română de ştiinţe politice, II(1), 4-17.

Schumpeter, J. A. (2003), Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, London and New York: Routledge.

Tansey, S. D. and Jackson N. (2008), Politics: the basics, Fourth edition, London and New York: Routledge.

Talmon, J. L. (1952), The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy, London: Mercury Books, Secker and Warburg.

Wright, D. and Kreissl, R . (2015). Resilience in Europe's surveillance society. In D. Wright and R. Kreissl (Eds.), Surveillance in Europe, 319-359, London and New York: Routledge.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.