INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS BETWEEN CONCEPTUAL DEBATES AND CURRENT TRENDS
Keywords:End of Cold War, conflict, war, violence, types of conflicts, conflict sources
AbstractDespite the optimistic predictions in the early 1990s, the announced trust in a more peaceful future, free from frequent military clashes which have left their mark on the bipolar world order evolution, the new, post-Cold War era, has not witnessed the elimination of war from the international system, violent conflicts continue to defy international norms, deeply affecting the destinies of millions of people, causing serious consequences for the individual, local, regional and global security. This article is based on the idea that before any intervention in the dynamics of violent conflict it is imperative that it be understood as a phenomenon and aims to develop a conceptual overflight in an attempt to identify the "fuel" that allows it to operate in order to capture the sources of conflict and the forms in which it manifests itself.
Axt, H., Milososki, A., Schwarz, O. (2006). Conflict – A Literature Review, Duisburg, Universitat Duisburg-Essen.
Brown, M. (ed.) (1996). The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict, Cambridge, MIT Press.
Buzan, B., Waever, O., de Wilde, J. (1998). Security. A New Framework for Analysis, Boulder,Lynne Rienner Publishers.
Buzan, B. (2000). Popoarele, statele și teama. O agendă pentru studii de securitate înternațională în epoca de după războiul rece, Chișinău, Editura Cartier.
Buzan, B., Waever, O. (2003). Regions and Powers. The Structure of International Security, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Collier, P., Hoeffler, A. (2004). Greed and Grievance in Civil War, Oxford Economic Papers, 56(4), 563-595.
Dwan, R., Holmqvist, C. (n.d). Patterns of major armed conflicts, Stockholm, 8. http:/www.sipri.org/contents/confl ict/MAC patterns.html,.
Galtung, J. (1990). Cultural Violence, Journal of Peace Research, 27, 291-305.
Galtung, J., Ikeda, D. (1995). Choose Peace: A Dialog between Johan Galtung and Daisaku Ikeda, London, Pluto Press.
Galtung, J. (1996). Peace by Peaceful Means, London, Sage.
Gurr, T. Transforming ethnopolitical conflicts: exit, autonomy or access?, Rupesinghe, K. (ed.), (1995), Conflict Transformation, New York, St. Martin’s Press .
Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research, Conflict Barometer 2013, (2014), 22, Heidelberg, http://www.hiik.de/en/konfliktbarometer/index.html.
Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research, Methodological Approach, http://www.hiik.de/en/methodik/index.html.
Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research, Methodological Approach since 2003, http://www.hiik.de/en/methodik/methodik_ab_2003.html.
Holsti, K. (1991). Peace and War: Armed Conflicts and International Order 1648-1989, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Holsti, K. (1996). The State, War and the State of War, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Ismaili, Y. (2007). Conflict as a Socio-Political Notion, Zbornik PFZ, 57, (2), 381-403.
Jovic, D. (2001). The Desintegration of Yugoslavia. A critical Review of Explanatory Approaches, European Journal of Social Theory, 4(1), 101-120.
Ramsbotham, O., Woodhouse, T., Miall, H. (2005). Contemporary Conflict Resolution. The prevention, management and transformation of deadly conflicts. Second Edition, Cambridge, Polity Press.
Singer, J., Armed conflict in the former colonial regions: from classification to explanation, van de Goor, L., Rupesinghe, K., Sciarone, P. (eds.) (1996). Between Development and Destruction: An Enquiry into the Causes of Conflict in Post-Colonial States, New York, St. Martin’s Press.
Smith, D., Trends and causes of armed conflict, Bloomfeld, D., Fischer, M., Schmelzle, B. (eds.) (2004). Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation, Berlin, Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management, http://www.berghof-handbook.net/documents/publications/smith_handbook.pdf.
Themner, L., Wallensteen, P. (2011). Armed Conflict, 1946-2010, Journal of Peace Research, 48(4), 525-536.
Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala Data Conflict Program, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Definitions, http://www.pcr.uu.se/research/ucdp/definitions/.
Wallensteen, P., Sollenberg, M. (2005). Armed conflict and its international dimensions, 1946-2004, Journal of Peace Research, 42(5).
Waltz, K. (2001). Omul, statul și războiul, Iași, Editura Institutul European.
Webel, C., Introduction toward a philosophy and metapsychology of peace, Webel, C., Galtung, J. (eds.) (2007). Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies, Abingdon, Routledge.
Zartman, W., Introduction: Toward the Resolution of International Conflicts, Zartman, W. (ed.) (2007). Peacemaking in International Conflict. Methods&Techniques, Revised Edition, Washington, United States Institute of Peace.