The Institution of State in Islamic Thought


  • EUGENIA LAURA POPA Phd. Student at Faculty of Social and Political Science, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Iași


Islam, politics, ummah, Shari'ah, 'ulama', dawlat al-Islam


From different reasons, both Westerners and Muslims claim that in Islam politics and religion cannot be separated. For many Westerners, it is a sign of medieval and regressive nature of Islam. For Muslims is a sign of its strength and greatness. My research is an attempt to analyse political life in Islamic world. The constitutional theory of Islam revolves around the concepts, namely ummah, (Muslim community) Shari'ah (Islamic law), khilafah,(Caliph) shura (consultation), bay'ah (pledge of allegiance). This research shall discuss some of these concepts and then attempt a general characterization of an Islamic polity. This is not only of historical interest, but remains essential for understanding the modern relationship between Islam and politics today. Those who say that religion can not be separated from politics in Islamic world are wrong. For a thousand years or more separation worked.


Ahmed, M. (1975). Umma: the Idea of a Universal Community, Islamic Studies.

Al-Khalidi, 'A. M. (1980). Quwa'id Nidam al-Hukm fi'l-Islam. Kuwait: Dar al-Buhuth al-'llmiyyah.

Asad, M. (1961). The Principles of State and Government in Islam. Berkely: University of California Press.

'Atiya Al-Din, J. (1988). General Theory of Islamic Law. Cairo: Maktabah al-Nahdah al-Misriyyah.

Ayubi, N. (1991). Political Islam. London: Routledge.

Chapra, U. (1970). The Economic System of Islam. Karachi: the Times Press.

Diya al-Din, Al-Ris. (1955). Political Theories of Islam. Cairo: Matba'ah al-Sa'adah.

Elkholy, A. (1979). "The Concept of Community in Islam", in Khurshid Ahmad (ed.), Islamic Perspectives, London, the Islamic Foundation.

Ibrahim, A. (1991).The ummah and Tomorrow's world, Futures. Butterworth: Heinemann Ltd.

Iqbal, M. (1982). The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf.

Qutb, S. (1954). Social Justice in Islam. Cairo: 'Isa al-Babi al-Halabi.

Rida, R. M. (1970). Fatawa Imam Rida Rashid Muhammad. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Jadid.

Taymiyyah, T. A. (1982). Public Duties in Islam, the institution of Hisbah. Liecester: The Islamic Foundation.

Turabi, H. (1983). "The Islamic State", in J. Esposito (ed), Voices of Resurgent Islam, New York: Oxford University Press.

'Uthman, F. (2005). Al-Fikr al-Qanuni al-Islami. Cairo: Matba'ah Mukhaymar.

***, Qur'an (1912) translated in Romanian by Silvestru Octavian Isopescul, Cernauti.

***, Two Hundred Prophetic Hadiths. (2008) Bucharest, Amr.