TEORIA RELEVANȚEI COGNITIVE îN COMUNICARE:<br />O ANALIZĂ CRITICĂ
Keywords:communication theory, speaker's meaning, truthfulness, cognitive relevance, affective relevance
AbstractIn this paper I present and analyze the theory of communication developed by Dan Sperber and Deirdre Wilson, specially the arguments they offer for this theory in their article Truthfulness and Relevance. They address the classical problem of deriving the speaker’s meaning from the sentence meaning, challenging the solutions proposed by Paul Grice and David Lewis based on the concept of “truthfulness”. They replace this simple theory by a more complex model of communication in which the main concept will be that of “relevance”. I will offer some counterexamples that, in my opinion, prove that the concept of “cognitive relevance” is not sufficient for deriving the speaker’s meaning from the sentence meaning in every communicational situation.
Grice, Herbert Paul (1989), Studies in the Way of Words. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Lewis, David (1983) Philosophical Papers. Volume I, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sperber Dan, Wilson Deirdre (1986), Relevance - Communication and Cognition, Basil Blackwell, Oxford.
Sperber Dan, Wilson Deirdre (2002), „Relevance Theory”, in UCL Working Papers in Linguistics 14: 249-287.
Sperber Dan, Wilson Deirdre (2000), „Truthfulness and Relevance”, in UCL Working Papers in Linguistics, 12: 215-254.
Davis Wayne, „Implicature”, in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/implicature/#7 , 20.10.2007.